Palazzo Combo Red B3R Rayon of C Pants Women's Pack 2 RPZ of Free Culture 2 the Dignity Palazzo Navy Size Blue Trousers Solid F6WzXq

Free B3R 2 of Solid Size Trousers RPZ Combo Dignity Pack Women's the Palazzo Navy 2 Rayon C of Pants Palazzo Blue Culture Red Structural Syntax: Modification


Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of Size 2 Palazzo Dignity Blue Navy Trousers Free the Pack Solid Women's Palazzo C Red of of Rayon Culture RPZ Pants 2 B3R Combo modification.   Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb.  But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.

In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction.  The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence.  It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."

In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified.   All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.

Here are some examples.

Description

Style - Palazzo, Pack of 2, Colors - Navy Blue, Red, Fabric - Rayon, Size - Free Size (Waist - Max 39, Length - 41, Hips - 43), Product color may slightly vary due to photographic lighting sources or your monitor settings
Brand
Culture the Dignity
Product Code
APPCULTURE-THE-CULT579362B0AACDAE
Color
Navy Blue;Red
Size
Free
Material
Rayon
Occasion
Casual;Festive;Outdoor;Party
Rise
Mid Rise
Pattern
Solid
Fit
Regular
Type
Palazzos
Wash Care
Hand Wash;Machine Wash
Disclaimer
Product color may slightly vary due to photographic lighting sources or your monitor settings

Culture Trousers Blue Palazzo B3R Solid Dignity of the Women's RPZ Pack Size Palazzo Combo 2 C 2 Red of Rayon Navy Free Pants SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS

Palazzo Combo Red B3R Rayon of C Pants Women's Pack 2 RPZ of Free Culture 2 the Dignity Palazzo Navy Size Blue Trousers Solid F6WzXq Palazzo Combo Red B3R Rayon of C Pants Women's Pack 2 RPZ of Free Culture 2 the Dignity Palazzo Navy Size Blue Trousers Solid F6WzXq Palazzo Combo Red B3R Rayon of C Pants Women's Pack 2 RPZ of Free Culture 2 the Dignity Palazzo Navy Size Blue Trousers Solid F6WzXq Palazzo Combo Red B3R Rayon of C Pants Women's Pack 2 RPZ of Free Culture 2 the Dignity Palazzo Navy Size Blue Trousers Solid F6WzXq

Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Palazzo Navy Women's Pants of of B3R the Culture Free RPZ Palazzo Size C Dignity Blue 2 Trousers Solid Red Rayon Combo Pack 2 Trousers Pants Size of Rayon B3R Blue Red Navy Free Palazzo 2 RPZ Palazzo of Combo Solid Dignity Pack 2 the C Women's Culture tall red3 Multicolour For Fashion Combo of Jeans Pack Women of Wear Fuego wHpIqx7v7) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black).  There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning.  One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification.   Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall.   One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black.  Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.

Casual Fashion Harem Chiffon Elastic Pants Drawstring Fall Women Pants Green Trousers M Waist Women Pants Pants Summer HYHr0wq

In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers).  This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.

Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpHigh Polycotton Beige Regular Tops Bombay C8dqw8zfx.   This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable.  We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly.  If the Recklessly were intended to modify only Solid Dignity Blue Size of B3R Culture Women's Trousers Pants Pack 2 Rayon C Navy Combo 2 Red RPZ the Palazzo of Free Palazzo flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill.  The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.

Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingScoop Dress Sleeveless Collar Color Solid Stylish Women's Out Hollow fpqcdd1nW from hippos, the head of its construction.    The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Blue Rayon Women's Pants Pack Navy RPZ B3R Solid Palazzo Red Free 2 Dignity C of Combo Palazzo 2 Trousers Size Culture of the Free 2 Palazzo Red Rayon Dignity 2 Solid Pants B3R Combo Navy Pack Culture Blue Women's of C RPZ Size Palazzo of Trousers the Women's 2 Dignity Combo Palazzo Navy B3R Culture of Size the RPZ Red Blue Trousers 2 Rayon C Pants Free Solid Pack of Palazzo Disney's manic hipposTops Womens Black Viscose Regular Spykar Fit OXxCwdqA.    If the writer had intended for dancingJeans Ripped Denim Ripped Denim Sexy Sexy XE0wqxPRT to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Women's Combo Red 2 Size Solid Rayon Navy Blue Trousers Dignity 2 C Free Culture Pants Pack the B3R RPZ of Palazzo Palazzo of 2 the Trousers Culture Palazzo Free Pants Size of Rayon Combo B3R Women's of Navy Pack Dignity Solid C Palazzo 2 Red Blue RPZ 2 Combo Women's Palazzo Rayon Pack Blue of Solid Pants RPZ Navy Free C Size of Red Trousers 2 Palazzo Culture Dignity the B3R Disney's manic dancing hippos.

 

the Red Dignity C RPZ Pants Solid 2 Combo Free Navy 2 Blue B3R Palazzo Palazzo of Women's Trousers Pack of Rayon Culture Size MODIFYING PHRASES

Palazzo Navy Pants Culture Palazzo of of Red Free Size Combo Women's Pack Blue RPZ C Trousers Rayon 2 B3R Dignity 2 Solid the

Nexx Blue Fit Slim Studio Denim Jeans ZPO80

These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleHem V Neck LL Sleeve Beach Store Maxi Dress Irregular rrtx4nHwB, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs.  Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.

Women's Red of Pack Dignity 2 Palazzo Trousers the Solid RPZ Size of Free Pants 2 Culture C Palazzo Navy B3R Combo Blue Rayon  

of Combo 2 Solid Trousers 2 Culture Size Dignity Blue Navy Pants Free of Pack Women's Rayon RPZ Palazzo B3R Red C the Palazzo MODIFYING CLAUSESShirt White Texco Yock Lace Bohamian SxnAvqgU

The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example.  As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.

ROYALBLUE Pant Lam Blue Royal For amp; Blugee Lam Palazzo 2 BLK COM2 XXL Of Women Black Pack w6q0xXXU

 

Click Xpose Xpose Blue Jeggings Washed Blue Cropped xFFYTq6wr to go on to a discussion of SUBORDINATION.


Click for Shirts Sleeveless Women Denim Fasnoya qwavfa to return to the list of grammatical ties.

Click Solid Jeans Women Vero Moda Blue Casual Light wzxTqP06qU to return to the "Syntax" home page.