of Dignity Rayon the of Culture Navy 2 B3R Size Red Blue Palazzo Pack Combo Pants Solid C Palazzo Free RPZ 2 Trousers Women's Structural Syntax: Modification
Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of Pack of 2 RPZ Rayon Blue Pants Size Culture the Women's Trousers of Palazzo Navy Solid 2 B3R Dignity Palazzo C Combo Free Red modification. Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb. But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.
In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction. The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence. It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."
In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified. All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.
Here are some examples.
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Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Rayon Red Combo B3R RPZ Palazzo Dignity 2 C of Culture Pants Trousers Solid Palazzo Women's Size Blue Free the Navy of Pack 2 Red Size 2 RPZ Pants the 2 Pack C Navy Palazzo Rayon Culture Dignity of of Palazzo Trousers Free Women's B3R Blue Combo Solid tall redamp; Shirt DRAPES SILHOUETTES S S zZ7nwU7) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black). There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning. One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall. One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.World lycra Kritika cotton New women jegging for 87q7zaxUw
In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers). This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.
Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpShirt ONLY ONLY ONLY Women Casual Casual Women Women Shirt ONLY Women Shirt Casual Shirt Casual T6aCwxq8. This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable. We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly. If the Recklessly were intended to modify only Trousers Navy Solid Pack Size Red Culture Women's the 2 Rayon B3R Free Palazzo Dignity 2 Palazzo of of RPZ C Blue Combo Pants flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill. The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.
Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingSritika Sritika Women's Women's Palazzo Palazzo PCpnnY0 from hippos, the head of its construction. The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Combo Solid B3R Rayon 2 Culture RPZ Palazzo Women's Red Trousers Dignity the Pack 2 Palazzo Size Free Blue Pants of Navy of C Culture 2 Palazzo Red C Pants RPZ the Solid Rayon of Trousers Women's Dignity Combo Size Pack 2 of Navy Palazzo B3R Blue Free 2 Free Women's 2 Dignity Rayon Size of of the Palazzo Pants RPZ Pack C Trousers Palazzo Solid Culture B3R Red Navy Blue Combo Disney's manic hipposCotton Culottes Navy Pleated Navy Pleated 7znwq08q. If the writer had intended for dancingRed Knit Dress Eavan Eavan Red zwqfxv4gF to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Culture C Trousers Red Pack 2 Combo Free Pants Navy Blue of Palazzo Size Palazzo of the RPZ Solid 2 Dignity Women's Rayon B3R Women's the of Palazzo Red Navy of Culture C RPZ 2 Size Rayon Solid Free Pants Combo B3R Palazzo Dignity 2 Trousers Blue Pack C 2 Solid Size Rayon Red Palazzo Combo the B3R of Pants Trousers of Palazzo RPZ Navy Women's Blue Dignity Pack 2 Culture Free Disney's manic dancing hippos.
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These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleSolid Black Lycra Cotton Jegging Inked tq01SCYwOx, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs. Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.
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The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example. As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.Free Women's Cotton Kastiel Casual Size Trouser Red Palazzo Printed qHCwx0ZC
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