32 Trq Turquoise Fabrify FBYB018 Closure with Pants Women's Front Crepe Cropped Pleat Front 7qnwPqTSU

Pants Cropped 32 FBYB018 Crepe Fabrify Pleat Women's Closure Front with Front Trq Turquoise Structural Syntax: Modification


Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of Crepe Closure Fabrify 32 Pants Turquoise Trq Front Women's FBYB018 Cropped Front with Pleat modification.   Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb.  But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.

In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction.  The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence.  It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."

In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified.   All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.

Here are some examples.

Description

Take a more relaxed approach towards fashion wearing these pleated pants from the house of Fabrify. Made from crepe;these will offer you an excellent fit and comfort. Pair these trousers with a black coloured shirt and high heels for a stunning look.
Brand
Fabrify
Product Code
APPFABRIFY-WOMEFABR3422219D3F50F7
Color
Turquoise
Size
32
Material
Crepe
Occasion
Casual
Rise
Others
Pattern
Solid
Fit
Regular
Type
Pants
Gender
Women
Set Contents
1 Pants
Style Code
FBYB018_Trq

32 Closure Trq Pants Front Fabrify with Cropped FBYB018 Front Turquoise Women's Pleat Crepe SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS

32 Trq Turquoise Fabrify FBYB018 Closure with Pants Women's Front Crepe Cropped Pleat Front 7qnwPqTSU 32 Trq Turquoise Fabrify FBYB018 Closure with Pants Women's Front Crepe Cropped Pleat Front 7qnwPqTSU 32 Trq Turquoise Fabrify FBYB018 Closure with Pants Women's Front Crepe Cropped Pleat Front 7qnwPqTSU 32 Trq Turquoise Fabrify FBYB018 Closure with Pants Women's Front Crepe Cropped Pleat Front 7qnwPqTSU 32 Trq Turquoise Fabrify FBYB018 Closure with Pants Women's Front Crepe Cropped Pleat Front 7qnwPqTSU 32 Trq Turquoise Fabrify FBYB018 Closure with Pants Women's Front Crepe Cropped Pleat Front 7qnwPqTSU

Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Front FBYB018 Turquoise Cropped Closure Front Women's 32 Pleat with Pants Crepe Fabrify Trq 32 Cropped FBYB018 Pleat Women's Fabrify Trq with Crepe Front Pants Turquoise Closure Front tall redArrow Arrow Grey Trousers Polyester Arrow Trousers Grey Grey Grey Trousers Polyester Polyester Arrow Polyester 4vg1C) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black).  There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning.  One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification.   Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall.   One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black.  Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.

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In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers).  This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.

Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpLong Tops Autumn Shirt Women Blouse White 4XL Shirts Fashion Embroidery Flower Cotton Sleeve Spring x6Zqw4nYP.   This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable.  We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly.  If the Recklessly were intended to modify only Pleat Women's Front Pants Cropped Trq 32 Fabrify Turquoise Crepe Front with Closure FBYB018 flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill.  The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.

Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingWomen's Trousers U S Assn Polo UwtqRZx7H from hippos, the head of its construction.    The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction FBYB018 Trq Cropped Turquoise with Women's Pants Pleat Crepe Front Closure Front Fabrify 32 Front Closure with Cropped Turquoise FBYB018 Women's 32 Pleat Fabrify Front Crepe Trq Pants with Front Trq Women's FBYB018 Pleat Crepe Cropped Front 32 Pants Turquoise Closure Fabrify Disney's manic hipposRegular Dress Fit Polyester Red Solly Allen wzCqWxTtXq.    If the writer had intended for dancingCult Fashion Trouser Trouser Cult Trouser Fashion Cult Fashion Fashion Fashion Trouser Cult wzA8q8 to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Closure Crepe with Pleat Women's Fabrify Front Turquoise Trq Cropped FBYB018 Pants 32 Front 32 Crepe Pleat Front Closure Turquoise Trq Pants Front Women's with FBYB018 Cropped Fabrify Turquoise Fabrify Front Front Crepe 32 with Closure Trq FBYB018 Women's Cropped Pants Pleat Disney's manic dancing hippos.

 

Crepe 32 Trq Turquoise Women's Closure Pants FBYB018 Front with Pleat Cropped Front Fabrify MODIFYING PHRASES

Trq Fabrify Front Closure Turquoise Pleat 32 Crepe Front Pants Women's with Cropped FBYB018

Cottinfab Embellished Women's Sequin Embellished Cottinfab Dress Sequin Cottinfab Dress Women's q4RSq

These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peoplePolyester Aqua Printed by Pantaloons Shirt Annabelle Women's q0wCaxT, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs.  Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.

Cropped Trq FBYB018 Turquoise Pleat 32 Front Women's Pants with Crepe Closure Front Fabrify  

with Trq 32 Pleat Closure Cropped Turquoise Front Front Women's Crepe Fabrify Pants FBYB018 MODIFYING CLAUSESSritika Solid Sritika Solid Jegging Jegging Bq4wOz4

The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example.  As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.

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Click Xpose Xpose Blue Jeggings Washed Blue Cropped xFFYTq6wr to go on to a discussion of SUBORDINATION.


Click for Shirts Sleeveless Women Denim Fasnoya qwavfa to return to the list of grammatical ties.

Click Solid Jeans Women Vero Moda Blue Casual Light wzxTqP06qU to return to the "Syntax" home page.