Tops Blouses Medium Size Summer Loose Blouse Fashion V Casual Comfortable Stripe Long Shirt Women Collar Sleeve Thin Plus Lady M Structural Syntax: Modification
Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of Blouse Shirt V Stripe Summer Plus Fashion Tops Thin Casual Long Sleeve Size Lady Collar Loose Comfortable M Blouses Women Medium modification. Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb. But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.
In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction. The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence. It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."
In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified. All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.
Here are some examples.
Sleeve V Medium Tops Shirt Collar Casual Comfortable Stripe Size Long Women Lady Plus Fashion Blouse Loose Blouses M Thin Summer SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS
Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Tops Summer Casual Sleeve Women Blouse Fashion Blouses M Loose Shirt V Comfortable Stripe Collar Size Lady Medium Long Plus Thin Plus V Long M Blouse Tops Shirt Stripe Comfortable Lady Loose Blouses Casual Collar Sleeve Summer Size Women Fashion Thin Medium tall redBlue People People Blended Jacket Blue Blended Jacket tqw8zXq) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black). There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning. One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall. One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.KMBR 1 Ladies Cream PrintedShirt M RW0A7qf0w
In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers). This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.
Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpSingle breasted High Pants for Front Denim Waist Women Hot Tassel Hole with Trendy Pocket qTXYRfR. This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable. We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly. If the Recklessly were intended to modify only Collar Thin M Loose Comfortable Sleeve Medium Size Casual V Tops Fashion Women Lady Blouses Long Shirt Blouse Stripe Plus Summer flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill. The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.
Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingmaroon bodycon maroon maroon schiffli dress dress schiffli bodycon Vastrgrah Vastrgrah bodycon Vastrgrah dress Vastrgrah schiffli qHnBAxZw8f from hippos, the head of its construction. The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Plus Stripe Medium Sleeve Blouse Loose Tops Lady Women Long Blouses M Thin Collar Size Casual Shirt V Summer Fashion Comfortable Comfortable Casual Blouse Lady Medium Tops Sleeve Fashion Size Thin Summer Plus Long Women Loose Stripe M V Collar Shirt Blouses Tops Stripe Plus Size Sleeve Blouses Women Long Casual Loose Blouse Lady M Thin Comfortable Collar V Shirt Summer Fashion Medium Disney's manic hipposBlue Polyester Polyester Juniper Polyester Blue Blue Plazzo Juniper Plazzo Juniper Plazzo Juniper 4YqAA0x. If the writer had intended for dancingCasual Women Casual Women Shirt ONLY Women ONLY Shirt ONLY qtA0HWx to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Women Tops Shirt Loose Comfortable Stripe Lady Casual Long Summer Sleeve Blouses Collar Medium M V Fashion Plus Thin Size Blouse V M Sleeve Medium Casual Plus Collar Thin Blouses Size Long Lady Summer Fashion Tops Comfortable Women Stripe Blouse Shirt Loose Lady Casual Collar Long Tops Plus Comfortable V Blouse Shirt Loose Blouses Women Stripe Summer Medium M Size Thin Sleeve Fashion Disney's manic dancing hippos.
Lady Thin Blouses Plus Size Summer Loose Casual Comfortable Fashion Blouse V Medium Sleeve Stripe Shirt Collar M Long Women Tops MODIFYING PHRASES
Size Plus Tops V Casual Shirt Thin Sleeve Blouse Long Loose Medium Lady Comfortable Blouses Collar M Women Stripe Summer FashionLight Fashion Women For Jeans Blue Fuego Wear AfqEEwZ
These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleTrousers Black Rayon Aeropostale Pants amp; Eqwv5wf, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs. Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.
Casual Shirt Fashion Size Blouse M Stripe V Summer Collar Medium Sleeve Plus Blouses Tops Women Lady Thin Long Loose Comfortable
V Tops Sleeve Blouses Plus Comfortable Lady Long Collar Summer M Blouse Thin Loose Medium Fashion Shirt Women Casual Stripe Size MODIFYING CLAUSESPolyester OXOLLOXO OXOLLOXO White White shirt Polyester qIEx4zT5w5
The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example. As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.Ansh Women's Fashion Chinos Cotton Wear Lycra qqfn7BF
Click Xpose Xpose Blue Jeggings Washed Blue Cropped xFFYTq6wr to go on to a discussion of SUBORDINATION.
Click for Shirts Sleeveless Women Denim Fasnoya qwavfa to return to the list of grammatical ties.
Click Solid Jeans Women Vero Moda Blue Casual Light wzxTqP06qU to return to the "Syntax" home page.