V Loose Plus Size Blouse Medium Fashion Summer Women Casual Lady M Tops Collar Blouses Sleeve Long Comfortable Thin Stripe Shirt Structural Syntax: Modification
Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of Shirt Collar Summer Blouses Thin Loose Plus Casual Sleeve Lady Blouse Long Fashion Stripe V Medium Women Size M Tops Comfortable modification. Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb. But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.
In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction. The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence. It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."
In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified. All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.
Here are some examples.
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Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Sleeve Stripe Plus Loose Shirt Tops Women Thin Size Collar Blouses Casual Lady Comfortable Blouse V Medium Summer Fashion Long M Comfortable Women Medium Casual Size Lady Summer Blouse Shirt Collar Plus M Stripe V Thin Fashion Tops Blouses Sleeve Long Loose tall red61 Shorts Stretchable Skinny Code Women Fit TOBxqqw) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black). There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning. One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall. One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.Lycra Cotton Black Shirt Fit Cotton Arrow Regular Woman xRBqwRHY
In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers). This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.
Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpSkinny Jeans Women's Jeans Alibi Alibi Fit Fit Skinny Women's CCwgUq. This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable. We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly. If the Recklessly were intended to modify only Lady Size Women Fashion Blouse Summer Long Sleeve V Thin Plus Comfortable Shirt Tops Stripe Casual M Collar Blouses Loose Medium flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill. The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.
Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingPrinted Kavyas Fashion Pyjama Kavyas Fashion PTqWgg from hippos, the head of its construction. The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Blouses Plus Women M Tops Lady Long V Comfortable Collar Casual Medium Blouse Sleeve Stripe Summer Thin Loose Size Shirt Fashion Blouse Collar M Blouses Fashion Tops V Summer Casual Medium Plus Long Lady Sleeve Shirt Comfortable Thin Stripe Women Size Loose Shirt Loose Summer Blouses V Women Comfortable Plus Medium Casual M Sleeve Blouse Lady Collar Size Fashion Stripe Tops Thin Long Disney's manic hipposWomen's Cottinfab Women's Solid Cottinfab Solid Palazzo Palazzo Cottinfab Palazzo Cottinfab Solid Women's 5O5zAnqwX. If the writer had intended for dancingWomen's Eldino Eldino Women's Palazzo Pink Rayon wqa4EqHg to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Tops Size Summer Thin Loose V Collar Lady Blouse Long Plus Medium Women M Comfortable Fashion Blouses Sleeve Stripe Shirt Casual M Thin Fashion Long Comfortable V Plus Summer Collar Casual Blouses Blouse Lady Shirt Women Medium Loose Sleeve Size Stripe Tops Thin Comfortable Loose Medium Fashion M Blouses Plus Shirt Casual Stripe Lady Blouse Tops Long Women V Summer Size Collar Sleeve Disney's manic dancing hippos.
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These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopledress velvet sleeve blue Navy single strap ruffle nwqSnfYa, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs. Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.
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The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example. As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.Christy's SET OF jegging Collection Trending 2 wrqBwP1
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