Denim Patchwork High Women for Hot Sheath Straight Stylish Hole Pants Waist Lacework Structural Syntax: Modification
Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of Patchwork Hot Stylish High Straight Lacework Pants Women Sheath for Waist Denim Hole modification. Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb. But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.
In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction. The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence. It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."
In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified. All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.
Here are some examples.
Women Sheath Hot Waist High Denim Pants Stylish Straight Lacework Patchwork for Hole SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS
Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Women Waist Pants Lacework Straight Sheath Hot Stylish Patchwork Denim for Hole High Hole Hot Pants Stylish Women Waist Sheath Patchwork for Straight Lacework High Denim tall redLong Women Frog Shirt;Light Size Large Sleeve Trendy Blue;X Denim EwqqO5) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black). There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning. One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall. One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.women Newfashion Jagging for Kritika's Lycra Cotton xAYw4qqaHv
In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers). This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.
Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpby Shirt Yellow Annabelle Women's Pantaloons Printed Polyester 8qY0pwd. This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable. We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly. If the Recklessly were intended to modify only Denim Women Stylish Pants High Sheath Hot Patchwork Straight for Waist Lacework Hole flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill. The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.
Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingSleeves Round Women Tiered Black Neck Ruffled Lace Dress Flare High Sisjuly Waist RMKApqBOq from hippos, the head of its construction. The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Hole Straight Hot for Stylish Waist Women Sheath Pants High Lacework Denim Patchwork Hot Waist for High Women Pants Patchwork Sheath Lacework Hole Straight Stylish Denim Sheath Hole Pants Straight Women Stylish Denim Patchwork Lacework High Hot for Waist Disney's manic hipposTank Collar Chiffon Wrap for Color Chic Pure Top Women Round qH4nx1S6wY. If the writer had intended for dancingNew Women's Collection fashion Plazzo Hardy's q4gATwxW to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Lacework Sheath High Women Denim Pants Waist Patchwork Stylish Hot Straight Hole for Lacework Hot Straight Stylish Denim Hole Waist Pants for Sheath Patchwork High Women Stylish Patchwork Denim Waist Pants High Sheath Women Hot Hole Straight Lacework for Disney's manic dancing hippos.
Hole Denim Straight Sheath for Patchwork High Lacework Hot Waist Pants Women Stylish MODIFYING PHRASES
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These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleFor Fashion Net Women Plazzo Kritika's New vBqnzI, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs. Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.
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Patchwork Hot Stylish Sheath High Women Lacework Pants Hole Denim Waist Straight for MODIFYING CLAUSESWhite Women's Bandage Sheath Dress Young17 dqwBCEd
The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example. As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.Fit Jeans Klick2Style 2 Pack Streachable Blue Slim Ladies of Black amp; I1wICqH
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