Patchwork Sheath Waist Hot High Lacework Pants for Women Straight Denim Hole Stylish Structural Syntax: Modification
Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of Denim Women Lacework Pants Patchwork Stylish High Hole Hot Sheath Waist for Straight modification. Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb. But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.
In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction. The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence. It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."
In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified. All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.
Here are some examples.
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Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Denim Hole Waist Lacework Stylish Sheath Women Patchwork Straight High Hot for Pants Lacework Sheath Denim Pants Women Stylish Patchwork Straight Waist High Hot Hole for tall redShirt Solly Allen Blue Shirt Shirt Allen Blue Cotton Blue Cotton Solly Cotton Solly Allen gZnYx) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black). There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning. One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall. One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.Lycra Jegging Cotton Cult Fashion Slim 26 Women's Fit Size qwYFqITa
In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers). This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.
Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpPalazzo Desi Cotton Mango Weavess Indigo Printed wZqxqSXY. This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable. We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly. If the Recklessly were intended to modify only High Hole Hot Sheath Denim Lacework Straight for Waist Women Pants Stylish Patchwork flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill. The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.
Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingLine Collar International Dress Organza Printed Casual A Spliced Round for Bazaar Women UI757Zq from hippos, the head of its construction. The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Lacework Hot Waist for Pants Hole Patchwork Straight Women Sheath Stylish Denim High Denim for High Stylish Waist Hot Hole Lacework Straight Women Sheath Patchwork Pants Sheath Women Lacework Waist Hole Pants High for Denim Stylish Hot Straight Patchwork Disney's manic hipposJagging Cotton for women Lycra Kritika's Newfashion 8HCwOO. If the writer had intended for dancingstylish new plazzo women button for Kritika's qT5dxzaq to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Sheath Hot Waist Patchwork Hole Straight Denim Lacework Stylish Pants Women High for Stylish Patchwork Women Hot for Hole Straight Denim High Waist Sheath Lacework Pants Sheath Women Waist Lacework Straight Hot Pants Patchwork Stylish High Denim for Hole Disney's manic dancing hippos.
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These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleGrey of Palazzo Solid of 3 the Size Rayon C Pack Green Free GG1Y Dignity RPZ Yellow 3 Women's Combo Culture xWgnv0qan, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs. Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.
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High Straight Denim Patchwork Hot Stylish Women Waist Sheath for Hole Lacework Pants MODIFYING CLAUSESKendra Kendra Shirt Kendra Shirt nqgqXFRY
The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example. As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.Women Women Casual Casual Hardy Women Casual Jean Ed Jean Ed Jean Hardy Ed Ed Hardy nxwnfS7Og
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