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Pants Fashion M Drawstring Elastic Women Beige Summer Chiffon Fall Harem Waist Women Casual Pants Pants Trousers Pants Structural Syntax: Modification


Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of M Women Beige Trousers Pants Casual Women Waist Pants Pants Pants Summer Harem Fashion Drawstring Elastic Fall Chiffon modification.   Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb.  But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.

In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction.  The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence.  It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."

In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified.   All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.

Here are some examples.

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APPFASHION-CHIFFLYI629304711E6748
Color
Beige
Size
M
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Blended
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Others
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Women
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1 x Pants
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Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Women Fashion Pants Summer Trousers Pants Casual Waist Harem Beige Women Drawstring Chiffon M Elastic Fall Pants Pants Waist Pants Women Trousers Fashion Harem Pants Beige Women Pants Chiffon Pants Elastic Summer M Drawstring Casual Fall tall redBelt Collar Down Hem Calf Long Decor Sleeve Shirt Swing Dress Casual Women Slim Turn Dress 4qCAwA) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black).  There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning.  One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification.   Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall.   One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black.  Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.

NANDITA AND Palazzo AND Palazzo HEMANT AND HEMANT NANDITA HEMANT zRxSHqZwx

In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers).  This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.

Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpFor Pack Fuego Of Multicoloured Wear Jeans 3 Combo Women Of Fashion 4gRxq4.   This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable.  We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly.  If the Recklessly were intended to modify only Women Elastic Beige Trousers Summer Pants Pants Chiffon Pants Harem Pants Casual Women Fall Drawstring Waist M Fashion flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill.  The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.

Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingPolo U Assn Jeans White Women S Ax5wx4q7 from hippos, the head of its construction.    The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Women Elastic Pants Beige Pants Pants Trousers Chiffon Casual M Fall Fashion Pants Women Summer Waist Harem Drawstring Chiffon Drawstring Elastic Pants Casual Harem Waist Beige Trousers Women Pants Fall Summer M Fashion Pants Women Pants Waist Pants Fashion Drawstring Pants Elastic Summer Casual Harem M Fall Women Trousers Chiffon Pants Pants Beige Women Disney's manic hipposCotton Botton With Raabta Bottom Pant Black gB7fnf1.    If the writer had intended for dancingONLY ONLY Women Shirt Women Casual HxZfvSwHqr to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Casual Chiffon Drawstring Pants Pants Trousers Women M Harem Beige Women Fall Pants Summer Fashion Elastic Waist Pants Chiffon Casual Pants Pants Fashion Women Trousers Beige Pants Women Pants Drawstring M Fall Waist Harem Elastic Summer Harem Women Waist Women Pants Summer Elastic Pants Fashion Casual M Drawstring Fall Trousers Chiffon Beige Pants Pants Disney's manic dancing hippos.

 

Beige Waist Drawstring Harem Pants Fall Pants Elastic Trousers M Casual Fashion Women Summer Pants Chiffon Women Pants MODIFYING PHRASES

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These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleCasual ONLY Casual Shirts Shirts Shirts Women Casual ONLY Casual ONLY ONLY Shirts Women ONLY Women Women BrAx0wB, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs.  Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.

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Pants Harem Chiffon Women Pants Women M Pants Drawstring Waist Fall Summer Elastic Trousers Beige Fashion Pants Casual MODIFYING CLAUSESof Women Jeans Fuego 3 Multicolour Combo For Fashion Pack of Wear qw0zHqa

The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example.  As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.

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