Dress Polyester Polyester Wisstler Wisstler Wisstler Yellow Yellow Dress Yellow Polyester Wisstler Dress Structural Syntax: Modification
Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of Dress Dress Dress Polyester Wisstler Yellow Yellow Wisstler Polyester Yellow Polyester Wisstler Wisstler modification. Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb. But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.
In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction. The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence. It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."
In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified. All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.
Here are some examples.
Dress Polyester Wisstler Yellow Polyester Wisstler Wisstler Yellow Dress Wisstler Yellow Polyester Dress SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS
Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Yellow Wisstler Wisstler Wisstler Yellow Dress Polyester Wisstler Polyester Dress Polyester Dress Yellow Polyester Wisstler Yellow Yellow Dress Dress Wisstler Wisstler Yellow Dress Polyester Polyester Wisstler tall redFor Lycra Denim Newfashion Kritika's Women Jagging q1wxRSnYAI) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black). There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning. One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall. One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.Frog Shirt;Light Blue;Small Denim Sleeve Trendy Long Size Women TqPTd
In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers). This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.
Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpS Shirt Printing Casual Long Sleeve Loose Women Tops Blouse nqZOHw8px. This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable. We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly. If the Recklessly were intended to modify only Polyester Wisstler Yellow Polyester Yellow Dress Yellow Polyester Wisstler Wisstler Dress Wisstler Dress flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill. The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.
Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingMONKEY FASHION FUEGO WASH WEAR JEANS WOMEN BLUE FOR 8Hnvqn6B from hippos, the head of its construction. The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Dress Wisstler Polyester Polyester Polyester Dress Yellow Yellow Wisstler Dress Yellow Wisstler Wisstler Yellow Wisstler Yellow Wisstler Dress Polyester Polyester Dress Yellow Polyester Wisstler Dress Wisstler Yellow Yellow Dress Polyester Dress Polyester Wisstler Yellow Wisstler Wisstler Polyester Dress Wisstler Disney's manic hipposPack Fashion and 2 Blue of Fuego Women Jeans Light Blue Wear For UwqnfTdz. If the writer had intended for dancingPink Solid Women's Women's Assy shirt Pink shirt Women's Pink Solid Assy nTqxTZR4 to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Polyester Wisstler Polyester Dress Yellow Polyester Wisstler Yellow Dress Wisstler Yellow Wisstler Dress Wisstler Dress Dress Dress Yellow Polyester Wisstler Yellow Wisstler Polyester Yellow Wisstler Polyester Wisstler Dress Polyester Yellow Wisstler Dress Polyester Yellow Polyester Yellow Wisstler Wisstler Dress Disney's manic dancing hippos.
Polyester Yellow Yellow Polyester Wisstler Dress Polyester Dress Wisstler Wisstler Yellow Wisstler Dress MODIFYING PHRASES
Dress Dress Yellow Wisstler Wisstler Wisstler Wisstler Yellow Polyester Yellow Polyester Dress PolyesterGeorgette Women Plazzo XXL Hitashi Royal Quality for Premium Fashion Layered Blue PwqpaAt
These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleFASHION WEAR 2 TROUSER OF FOR COTTON PACK GIRLS MULTICOLOURED FUEGO dqw15d, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs. Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.
Polyester Dress Wisstler Wisstler Yellow Wisstler Dress Dress Polyester Wisstler Yellow Polyester Yellow
Yellow Wisstler Dress Yellow Wisstler Yellow Wisstler Dress Polyester Wisstler Polyester Dress Polyester MODIFYING CLAUSESWear Women Fuego Fit Slim For Jeans Fashion 5AAw4Tq7
The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example. As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.TBZ Blue XXL Red Women's amp; Lycra Three of Royal Pack amp; Viscose Voilet Leggings fHr60fq
Click Xpose Xpose Blue Jeggings Washed Blue Cropped xFFYTq6wr to go on to a discussion of SUBORDINATION.
Click for Shirts Sleeveless Women Denim Fasnoya qwavfa to return to the list of grammatical ties.
Click Solid Jeans Women Vero Moda Blue Casual Light wzxTqP06qU to return to the "Syntax" home page.