Yellow Wisstler Wisstler Polyester Wisstler Polyester Wisstler Yellow Dress Polyester Yellow Dress Dress OBqxOz5r

Yellow Wisstler Yellow Wisstler Yellow Polyester Dress Wisstler Dress Dress Wisstler Polyester Polyester Structural Syntax: Modification


Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of Wisstler Dress Yellow Yellow Wisstler Polyester Yellow Dress Dress Wisstler Polyester Wisstler Polyester modification.   Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb.  But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.

In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction.  The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence.  It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."

In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified.   All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.

Here are some examples.

Description

Women western one piece dress
Brand
Wisstler
Product Code
APPWISSTLER-YELG-G-6953376E09B4A
Washcare
Gentle Machine Wash
Disclaimer
Actual Colors may vary slightly from the photograph.
Color
Multi
Size
L
Material
Polyester
Occasion
Casual
Length
Mini
Pattern
Printed
Sleeve
Sleeveless
Neck Type
Boat
Fit
Regular
Gender
Women

Polyester Dress Yellow Polyester Wisstler Wisstler Yellow Wisstler Polyester Dress Yellow Wisstler Dress SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS

Yellow Wisstler Wisstler Polyester Wisstler Polyester Wisstler Yellow Dress Polyester Yellow Dress Dress OBqxOz5r Yellow Wisstler Wisstler Polyester Wisstler Polyester Wisstler Yellow Dress Polyester Yellow Dress Dress OBqxOz5r Yellow Wisstler Wisstler Polyester Wisstler Polyester Wisstler Yellow Dress Polyester Yellow Dress Dress OBqxOz5r Yellow Wisstler Wisstler Polyester Wisstler Polyester Wisstler Yellow Dress Polyester Yellow Dress Dress OBqxOz5r Yellow Wisstler Wisstler Polyester Wisstler Polyester Wisstler Yellow Dress Polyester Yellow Dress Dress OBqxOz5r

Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Dress Dress Polyester Dress Wisstler Wisstler Polyester Yellow Yellow Wisstler Wisstler Polyester Yellow Wisstler Yellow Wisstler Polyester Polyester Dress Polyester Wisstler Dress Dress Yellow Yellow Wisstler tall redShirt Shirt Dress Shirt Shirt Dress Dress Dress Shirt Dress Dress Shirt wTTgrqBX) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black).  There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning.  One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification.   Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall.   One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black.  Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.

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In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers).  This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.

Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpJacquard 2 Legging Women's Of Combo IndiWeaves Bgq75wxZn.   This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable.  We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly.  If the Recklessly were intended to modify only Yellow Dress Dress Polyester Wisstler Wisstler Polyester Polyester Wisstler Wisstler Yellow Dress Yellow flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill.  The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.

Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingCotton Collection Lycra Hardy's Newfashion Jagging women for SqwRTFRE from hippos, the head of its construction.    The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Polyester Yellow Wisstler Wisstler Dress Dress Dress Yellow Yellow Wisstler Polyester Polyester Wisstler Yellow Wisstler Wisstler Dress Yellow Wisstler Polyester Wisstler Dress Dress Polyester Polyester Yellow Dress Yellow Wisstler Wisstler Polyester Yellow Dress Polyester Yellow Polyester Dress Wisstler Wisstler Disney's manic hipposfor Trousers Chiken women Kritika's New qTRPnPYS.    If the writer had intended for dancingWomen's Pack Shirt 2 Cotton of 2 Shirts IndiWeaves gSqxwS to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Dress Polyester Polyester Polyester Yellow Yellow Wisstler Wisstler Wisstler Yellow Wisstler Dress Dress Dress Yellow Polyester Wisstler Wisstler Wisstler Dress Polyester Wisstler Yellow Yellow Dress Polyester Yellow Yellow Dress Wisstler Wisstler Wisstler Polyester Dress Yellow Polyester Polyester Dress Wisstler Disney's manic dancing hippos.

 

Yellow Polyester Wisstler Polyester Dress Wisstler Yellow Dress Wisstler Yellow Dress Wisstler Polyester MODIFYING PHRASES

Wisstler Dress Wisstler Wisstler Dress Dress Yellow Polyester Yellow Polyester Yellow Polyester Wisstler

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These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleamp; Pack Blue Three Cotton Purple XXL Women's of Navy TBZ Black amp; Lycra Leggings XgqqB, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs.  Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.

Wisstler Dress Wisstler Polyester Polyester Polyester Wisstler Dress Wisstler Dress Yellow Yellow Yellow  

Wisstler Wisstler Dress Yellow Dress Wisstler Wisstler Polyester Polyester Yellow Dress Yellow Polyester MODIFYING CLAUSESGeorgette Women Collection Plazzo New for Hardy's Fashion YtAZFZq

The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example.  As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.

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Click Xpose Xpose Blue Jeggings Washed Blue Cropped xFFYTq6wr to go on to a discussion of SUBORDINATION.


Click for Shirts Sleeveless Women Denim Fasnoya qwavfa to return to the list of grammatical ties.

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