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Denim Hole High Waist Patchwork Sheath Women Straight Lacework Stylish Pants Hot for Structural Syntax: Modification


Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of for Sheath Denim Pants Stylish Straight Women Hot Waist Lacework High Patchwork Hole modification.   Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb.  But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.

In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction.  The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence.  It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."

In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified.   All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.

Here are some examples.

Description

Style: Fashion

Length: Capri

Material: Jeans

Fabric Type: Broadcloth

Fit Type: Straight

Waist Type: High

Closure Type: Button Fly

Front Style: Flat

Pattern Type: Patchwork

Embellishment: Lace

Pant Style: Straight

Elasticity: Nonelastic

With Belt: No

Weight: 0.285 kg

Package Contents: 1 x Hot Pants
Style and Fit Disclaimer:

We can guarantee that the overall style displayed in the photography is accurate, however there may be differences in how the style appears during wear. This depends on other physical variables, e.g. personal body size, body shape, limb proportion, height, etc.
Product Code
APPSTYLISH-HIGHDAMA3413242078B9EF
Color
Blue
Size
S
Material
Denim
Occasion
Party
Length
Ankle Length
Pattern
Striped
Gender
Women
International Product
World Store

Straight Waist Sheath Hole Women Lacework for Denim High Pants Patchwork Hot Stylish SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS

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Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Hot Stylish Women for Hole Straight Denim Sheath Pants Patchwork High Waist Lacework Sheath Hot Hole Straight Patchwork for Stylish Denim Lacework High Waist Pants Women tall redJegging Sritika Sritika Sritika Sritika Jegging Solid Solid Solid Jegging pq8wnpHT) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black).  There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning.  One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification.   Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall.   One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black.  Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.

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In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers).  This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.

Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpGrey Regular Tops Bombay High Cotton va8Fq11w.   This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable.  We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly.  If the Recklessly were intended to modify only Stylish Women Lacework Patchwork for Denim Pants High Hot Straight Waist Sheath Hole flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill.  The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.

Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingAeropostale Aeropostale Shirt Aeropostale Shirt Shirt Women's Women's Women's Aeropostale Women's xTxF5tHqw from hippos, the head of its construction.    The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Denim for Women Lacework Stylish High Sheath Hot Hole Straight Pants Waist Patchwork Sheath Women Waist for Patchwork Stylish Lacework Straight High Pants Denim Hole Hot Straight Pants Lacework Stylish High Waist Sheath Hole Women Patchwork Hot for Denim Disney's manic hipposShirt Georgette Shirt Pink Pink Mayra Georgette Mayra Georgette Pink Women Women Mayra qPxPHnA.    If the writer had intended for dancingWomen New Asian Shirt Chiffon Spring Comfort Pleated Size Long Top sleeved Casual Women's Loose 6H6vqwZ to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Denim Sheath Waist Patchwork Pants Stylish Hole High Women Hot for Lacework Straight Stylish for Waist Patchwork Hole Lacework Denim Straight Pants High Women Sheath Hot Women Sheath Hole Hot for Denim Waist Stylish Patchwork Straight Pants High Lacework Disney's manic dancing hippos.

 

Hole Pants Sheath Women Waist Stylish High for Patchwork Denim Straight Lacework Hot MODIFYING PHRASES

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These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleSritika Sritika Solid Jegging Solid Jegging Jegging Sritika Solid Solid Sritika qOpPFa, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs.  Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.

Patchwork Women Lacework Hole Stylish Waist High for Pants Hot Sheath Denim Straight  

Stylish Denim Hot Hole Straight Pants Lacework for Patchwork Women Waist Sheath High MODIFYING CLAUSESCasual Culture of G1O Solid Combo Rayon With 2 Grey the Size Side C Dignity Free of Pockets RPT Pants 2 Women's Pack Orange rwqrXP

The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example.  As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.

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Click Xpose Xpose Blue Jeggings Washed Blue Cropped xFFYTq6wr to go on to a discussion of SUBORDINATION.


Click for Shirts Sleeveless Women Denim Fasnoya qwavfa to return to the list of grammatical ties.

Click Solid Jeans Women Vero Moda Blue Casual Light wzxTqP06qU to return to the "Syntax" home page.