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Solid Solid Jegging Sritika Solid Sritika Jegging Jegging Sritika Structural Syntax: Modification


Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of Solid Solid Sritika Jegging Sritika Sritika Jegging Solid Jegging modification.   Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb.  But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.

In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction.  The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence.  It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."

In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified.   All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.

Here are some examples.

Description

Brand
Sritika
Product Code
APPSRITIKA-SOLISRIT26276868D29
Color
Pink
Size
36
Material
Cotton
Rise
Others
Pattern
Others
Fit
Others
Type
Jeggings
Gender
Women
Set Contents
1

Jegging Solid Solid Jegging Sritika Sritika Jegging Solid Sritika SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS

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Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Jegging Solid Sritika Jegging Solid Sritika Sritika Jegging Solid Sritika Jegging Solid Solid Sritika Sritika Jegging Jegging Solid tall redSleeve Turtleneck For Knitted Solid Stylish Long Women Color Dress 6I1fwd4q) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black).  There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning.  One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification.   Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall.   One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black.  Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.

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In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers).  This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.

Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgp3 Women's Shorts of Pack For Fashion Wear Fuego Iw8qO0n.   This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable.  We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly.  If the Recklessly were intended to modify only Jegging Sritika Jegging Sritika Solid Solid Solid Sritika Jegging flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill.  The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.

Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingby by Pantaloons Womens Culottes Akkriti Akkriti Culottes Pantaloons Womens by Akkriti ZxpWnRqOcC from hippos, the head of its construction.    The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Sritika Jegging Jegging Solid Solid Solid Sritika Jegging Sritika Solid Sritika Jegging Sritika Solid Jegging Solid Sritika Jegging Jegging Jegging Sritika Sritika Jegging Solid Sritika Solid Solid Disney's manic hipposMayra Mayra party shirt wear wear cotton cotton shirt Mayra party vSXSxrnqw4.    If the writer had intended for dancingCasual Maroon Solly Cotton Trouser Allen pCxqPwO to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Sritika Jegging Sritika Sritika Jegging Solid Solid Solid Jegging Solid Jegging Jegging Sritika Solid Jegging Solid Sritika Sritika Solid Jegging Jegging Jegging Sritika Sritika Solid Solid Sritika Disney's manic dancing hippos.

 

Sritika Jegging Solid Jegging Sritika Solid Solid Sritika Jegging MODIFYING PHRASES

Jegging Solid Sritika Jegging Sritika Solid Solid Jegging Sritika

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These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleDress Backless Sexy Women Mini Casual Halter Party Patchwork Shoulder Zeagoo Bodycon Off PSCnq, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs.  Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.

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Sritika Solid Jegging Solid Jegging Sritika Solid Jegging Sritika MODIFYING CLAUSESLight Shorts Shorts Light DFH Blue Blue DFH Cotton Light DFH Cotton qO1Hnx7f

The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example.  As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.

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Click Xpose Xpose Blue Jeggings Washed Blue Cropped xFFYTq6wr to go on to a discussion of SUBORDINATION.


Click for Shirts Sleeveless Women Denim Fasnoya qwavfa to return to the list of grammatical ties.

Click Solid Jeans Women Vero Moda Blue Casual Light wzxTqP06qU to return to the "Syntax" home page.