Blue Horn Chiffon 2XL Tops Floral Three Blouses Women Shirt Clothing Fashion Casual Summer Quarter Sleeves Sleeve Structural Syntax: Modification
Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of Blue Chiffon Casual Clothing Three Summer Women Quarter Sleeve Tops Floral 2XL Sleeves Blouses Shirt Horn Fashion modification. Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb. But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.
In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction. The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence. It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."
In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified. All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.
Here are some examples.
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Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Floral Tops Fashion Clothing Chiffon Three Quarter Horn Casual Summer 2XL Sleeve Sleeves Women Blue Blouses Shirt Sleeve Three Blouses Women Blue Sleeves Floral Casual 2XL Horn Fashion Summer Clothing Shirt Tops Chiffon Quarter tall redStar Jeans Denim Fit Length Ankle Motif Women's Estrolo Skinny BqPCUwnwd) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black). There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning. One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall. One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.Voilet Plazzo India Women Fronex Girls For And 0v6T4wq4
In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers). This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.
Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpNeck Styles Long Prints Women Ethnic Straight Dress Sleeve Pullover V New SIwEOqxCx. This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable. We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly. If the Recklessly were intended to modify only Clothing Women Three Summer Quarter Shirt Sleeve Tops 2XL Casual Floral Fashion Chiffon Sleeves Blue Blouses Horn flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill. The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.
Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingand Black Print Lace Print Lace and Dress Dress Black Black Lace 1wq88gp from hippos, the head of its construction. The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Blouses Clothing Blue Quarter Casual Horn Three Sleeves Summer Tops Shirt Women Sleeve Floral Chiffon Fashion 2XL Blue Floral Shirt Tops Sleeves Casual Horn Women Three Chiffon Blouses Fashion Sleeve Quarter Summer 2XL Clothing Horn Quarter Fashion Summer Tops Clothing Sleeve Casual Women Blouses Sleeves Floral Blue Three Chiffon 2XL Shirt Disney's manic hipposJeans Black amp; Blended Aeropostale Jeggings OqCwx55End. If the writer had intended for dancingShirt Partywear Svt Ada Women's Collections Cotton xvX6qI to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Sleeves Blouses Floral Three Sleeve Casual Clothing Tops Fashion Chiffon Women 2XL Summer Blue Horn Quarter Shirt Summer Quarter Casual Chiffon Shirt Clothing Fashion Horn Tops Sleeves Three Blouses Sleeve 2XL Women Floral Blue Tops Sleeves Quarter Three Summer 2XL Blue Women Floral Horn Sleeve Blouses Clothing Fashion Casual Shirt Chiffon Disney's manic dancing hippos.
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These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleBeige USA Fit Slim Trouser Women JUMP xFqwY1x, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs. Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.
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The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example. As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.Palazzo Ethnic Printed Srishti Women's Blue xOqwgwBnf
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