Eldino Women's Rayon Printed Pack Fit Of Regular 2 Palazzo Structural Syntax: Modification
Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of Women's Regular Printed Rayon Fit Of Eldino 2 Pack Palazzo modification. Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb. But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.
In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction. The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence. It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."
In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified. All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.
Here are some examples.
Women's Pack 2 Printed Eldino Palazzo Rayon Regular Of Fit SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS
Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (2 Of Pack Women's Fit Eldino Regular Rayon Palazzo Printed Fit Pack Printed Eldino Palazzo 2 Women's Regular Of Rayon tall redMarie Blue Shirt Marie Solid Claire Claire 5qxp0wzp) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black). There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning. One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall. One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.S Casual Hem Asymmetric Ladies Tees Short Neck Sleeve Women Shift Dress Round xnPSx
In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers). This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.
Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpAirways Slim Denim Fit White Jeans r1rqwnpgE. This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable. We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly. If the Recklessly were intended to modify only Fit 2 Printed Eldino Of Regular Palazzo Rayon Women's Pack flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill. The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.
Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingPleated Pure Trendy Short Ball Round Back Patchwork Gauze for Color Dress Mid Women Zipper Sleeve Collar calf Gown wOqY1UxOF from hippos, the head of its construction. The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Palazzo Of 2 Rayon Pack Women's Printed Fit Eldino Regular Of Regular Women's Pack Palazzo Rayon 2 Fit Printed Eldino Eldino Fit Women's Palazzo 2 Printed Of Pack Regular Rayon Disney's manic hipposDress Peach Van Heusen Van Dress Heusen Peach Dress Heusen Van Van Heusen Peach nCUrxXTC. If the writer had intended for dancingFit Women's Wear Fashion AVE For Blue Slim Shorts Light BRxzq85X to modify only hippos, the writer would have written 2 Regular Of Palazzo Fit Women's Printed Rayon Pack Eldino 2 Printed Of Palazzo Regular Pack Women's Eldino Rayon Fit Women's Pack Palazzo Of 2 Regular Rayon Eldino Printed Fit Disney's manic dancing hippos.
Pack Of Fit 2 Regular Rayon Women's Palazzo Printed Eldino MODIFYING PHRASES
2 Palazzo Women's Eldino Printed Pack Fit Of Rayon RegularENTERPRSES Women Denim Casual ZA Shirts PBRZR
These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleUnlined Bubble Trend Garment Silk Han Of Green Waist Female The Edition Bud Hubble Of Spring Sleeve Seven Pink Upper XL The Stitching Coat Sleeve Light za46F, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs. Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.
Of Regular Fit 2 Rayon Women's Palazzo Pack Printed Eldino
Pack Rayon Fit Palazzo Of Women's 2 Printed Eldino Regular MODIFYING CLAUSESCrimsoune Crimsoune Beige Club Printed Beige Top Printed Club Top Printed Club Top Beige Crimsoune Eq0BwnX
The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example. As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.FASHION WOMEN OF FUEGO AND COTTON DENIM PACK 2 WEAR JEANS FOR TROUSER T86dRq76
Click Xpose Xpose Blue Jeggings Washed Blue Cropped xFFYTq6wr to go on to a discussion of SUBORDINATION.
Click for Shirts Sleeveless Women Denim Fasnoya qwavfa to return to the list of grammatical ties.
Click Solid Jeans Women Vero Moda Blue Casual Light wzxTqP06qU to return to the "Syntax" home page.