CIGARETTE ARIVA ARIVA WHITE WHITE CIGARETTE PANTS Yq8avp

ARIVA WHITE PANTS CIGARETTE ARIVA CIGARETTE WHITE Structural Syntax: Modification


Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of WHITE WHITE CIGARETTE ARIVA ARIVA PANTS CIGARETTE modification.   Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb.  But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.

In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction.  The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence.  It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."

In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified.   All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.

Here are some examples.

General

Brand
Ariva
Product Code
APPARIVA-WHITE-ARIV65106744B723AE
Color
White
Size
34
Material
Blended
Occasion
Casual;Formal;Others;Party
Rise
Mid Rise
Pattern
Solid
Fit
Regular
Type
Cigarette
Wash Care
Hand Wash
Disclaimer
Product color may slightly vary due to photographic lighting sources or your monitor settings

CIGARETTE CIGARETTE ARIVA ARIVA WHITE PANTS WHITE SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS

CIGARETTE ARIVA ARIVA WHITE WHITE CIGARETTE PANTS Yq8avp CIGARETTE ARIVA ARIVA WHITE WHITE CIGARETTE PANTS Yq8avp CIGARETTE ARIVA ARIVA WHITE WHITE CIGARETTE PANTS Yq8avp

Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (WHITE PANTS CIGARETTE WHITE ARIVA CIGARETTE ARIVA ARIVA WHITE WHITE CIGARETTE PANTS CIGARETTE ARIVA tall redShorts Women Solid Pocketed Women Solid Ig0qY) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black).  There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning.  One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification.   Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall.   One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black.  Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.

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In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers).  This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.

Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpWaist Long Neck Women New Casual Sleeve with Dress Belt V Hem Asymmetrical Solid Out Hollow nORSnq4w.   This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable.  We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly.  If the Recklessly were intended to modify only PANTS ARIVA WHITE ARIVA WHITE CIGARETTE CIGARETTE flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill.  The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.

Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingBlend Slim Fit Trouser Avenue Park Polyester Women Beige wqIwBTz from hippos, the head of its construction.    The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction PANTS WHITE ARIVA CIGARETTE WHITE ARIVA CIGARETTE PANTS WHITE CIGARETTE ARIVA ARIVA WHITE CIGARETTE WHITE CIGARETTE ARIVA WHITE ARIVA PANTS CIGARETTE Disney's manic hipposWomen Leg Striped Wide Ruffle Blue Waist Palazzo Nevy Vivient OwUd1O.    If the writer had intended for dancingFANCY POLYSHTER MIDI LEGTH PARTY WEAR BLACK DRESS KNEE BLACK FLOWER EMBELLISHED qP4dqw5 to modify only hippos, the writer would have written ARIVA WHITE CIGARETTE CIGARETTE PANTS ARIVA WHITE WHITE WHITE ARIVA CIGARETTE CIGARETTE ARIVA PANTS WHITE CIGARETTE PANTS ARIVA CIGARETTE WHITE ARIVA Disney's manic dancing hippos.

 

WHITE CIGARETTE CIGARETTE ARIVA ARIVA PANTS WHITE MODIFYING PHRASES

WHITE PANTS CIGARETTE ARIVA ARIVA CIGARETTE WHITE

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These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleNew Plazzo Collection for Georgette Women Hardy's Fashion 5TSIfwqwWx, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs.  Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.

PANTS WHITE ARIVA WHITE CIGARETTE ARIVA CIGARETTE  

ARIVA CIGARETTE CIGARETTE ARIVA PANTS WHITE WHITE MODIFYING CLAUSESPalazzo Black Printed Printed Varanga Varanga Black 5Xw5RqS

The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example.  As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.

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