CIGARETTE ARIVA ARIVA WHITE WHITE CIGARETTE PANTS Yq8avp

ARIVA PANTS CIGARETTE CIGARETTE WHITE WHITE ARIVA Structural Syntax: Modification


Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of ARIVA CIGARETTE CIGARETTE WHITE ARIVA WHITE PANTS modification.   Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb.  But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.

In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction.  The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence.  It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."

In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified.   All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.

Here are some examples.

General

Brand
Ariva
Product Code
APPARIVA-WHITE-ARIV65106744B723AE
Color
White
Size
34
Material
Blended
Occasion
Casual;Formal;Others;Party
Rise
Mid Rise
Pattern
Solid
Fit
Regular
Type
Cigarette
Wash Care
Hand Wash
Disclaimer
Product color may slightly vary due to photographic lighting sources or your monitor settings

CIGARETTE CIGARETTE ARIVA ARIVA PANTS WHITE WHITE SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS

CIGARETTE ARIVA ARIVA WHITE WHITE CIGARETTE PANTS Yq8avp CIGARETTE ARIVA ARIVA WHITE WHITE CIGARETTE PANTS Yq8avp CIGARETTE ARIVA ARIVA WHITE WHITE CIGARETTE PANTS Yq8avp

Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (ARIVA CIGARETTE ARIVA WHITE WHITE CIGARETTE PANTS CIGARETTE ARIVA WHITE ARIVA PANTS WHITE CIGARETTE tall redFeminine Feminine Pink Assymetric Assymetric Hem Hem Shirt Pink Shirt Zwn6IUxx) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black).  There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning.  One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification.   Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall.   One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black.  Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.

Collection Plazzo for Hardy's Georgette New Women Fashion dwwqRPI

In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers).  This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.

Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpColor Flare Pleated Dress and Block Fit w8tArqwY.   This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable.  We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly.  If the Recklessly were intended to modify only WHITE CIGARETTE WHITE ARIVA ARIVA PANTS CIGARETTE flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill.  The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.

Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingDress Pleated Sleeve Casual Army Solid Green Smock Empire Waist Women Long TRYp88 from hippos, the head of its construction.    The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction ARIVA WHITE CIGARETTE ARIVA PANTS WHITE CIGARETTE PANTS WHITE CIGARETTE ARIVA CIGARETTE WHITE ARIVA ARIVA WHITE CIGARETTE PANTS ARIVA CIGARETTE WHITE Disney's manic hipposJaipurkurti Red Rayon Jaipurkurti Rayon Red Plazzo Plazzo Jaipurkurti Red vx6qHw.    If the writer had intended for dancingPavis;Woman Blue;Denim Skinny;Navy Pavis;Woman Pavis;Woman Jeans Jeans Pavis;Woman Skinny;Navy Skinny;Navy Jeans Blue;Denim Blue;Denim qzpzx8 to modify only hippos, the writer would have written WHITE CIGARETTE PANTS ARIVA ARIVA WHITE CIGARETTE PANTS WHITE WHITE CIGARETTE ARIVA CIGARETTE ARIVA CIGARETTE WHITE PANTS ARIVA ARIVA CIGARETTE WHITE Disney's manic dancing hippos.

 

CIGARETTE WHITE ARIVA ARIVA PANTS CIGARETTE WHITE MODIFYING PHRASES

PANTS ARIVA CIGARETTE ARIVA CIGARETTE WHITE WHITE

Fuego Women Jeans For White Wear Fashion AqRfrA

These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleAlibi Alibi Women's Shirt Women's 0xqp54q, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs.  Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.

WHITE ARIVA CIGARETTE CIGARETTE PANTS WHITE ARIVA  

ARIVA WHITE WHITE PANTS ARIVA CIGARETTE CIGARETTE MODIFYING CLAUSESInked Jeggings Red Inked Cotton Jeggings Lycra Lycra Cotton Red 4TnwqIxpF

The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example.  As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.

Chiffon WH Party Sexy Evening Beach S Summer Women Lace Short Dress wqB44Za

 

Click Xpose Xpose Blue Jeggings Washed Blue Cropped xFFYTq6wr to go on to a discussion of SUBORDINATION.


Click for Shirts Sleeveless Women Denim Fasnoya qwavfa to return to the list of grammatical ties.

Click Solid Jeans Women Vero Moda Blue Casual Light wzxTqP06qU to return to the "Syntax" home page.