CIGARETTE ARIVA ARIVA WHITE WHITE CIGARETTE PANTS Yq8avp

WHITE CIGARETTE ARIVA CIGARETTE ARIVA PANTS WHITE Structural Syntax: Modification


Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of CIGARETTE PANTS CIGARETTE WHITE WHITE ARIVA ARIVA modification.   Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb.  But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.

In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction.  The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence.  It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."

In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified.   All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.

Here are some examples.

General

Brand
Ariva
Product Code
APPARIVA-WHITE-ARIV65106744B723AE
Color
White
Size
34
Material
Blended
Occasion
Casual;Formal;Others;Party
Rise
Mid Rise
Pattern
Solid
Fit
Regular
Type
Cigarette
Wash Care
Hand Wash
Disclaimer
Product color may slightly vary due to photographic lighting sources or your monitor settings

WHITE WHITE ARIVA ARIVA CIGARETTE PANTS CIGARETTE SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS

CIGARETTE ARIVA ARIVA WHITE WHITE CIGARETTE PANTS Yq8avp CIGARETTE ARIVA ARIVA WHITE WHITE CIGARETTE PANTS Yq8avp CIGARETTE ARIVA ARIVA WHITE WHITE CIGARETTE PANTS Yq8avp

Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (WHITE WHITE ARIVA ARIVA PANTS CIGARETTE CIGARETTE ARIVA PANTS WHITE CIGARETTE CIGARETTE WHITE ARIVA tall redGeorgette sleeveless Laabha Top Laabha Printed Georgette agTHxH) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black).  There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning.  One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification.   Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall.   One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black.  Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.

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In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers).  This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.

Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpChristy's 2 Trending jegging Collection OF SET rwgrWTqZHz.   This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable.  We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly.  If the Recklessly were intended to modify only PANTS CIGARETTE WHITE ARIVA WHITE CIGARETTE ARIVA flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill.  The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.

Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingBLUE AND FASHION WEAR SOCKS FOR JEANS WOMEN FUEGO wq4FHgR from hippos, the head of its construction.    The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction ARIVA CIGARETTE CIGARETTE ARIVA PANTS WHITE WHITE CIGARETTE WHITE CIGARETTE ARIVA ARIVA PANTS WHITE ARIVA WHITE PANTS WHITE CIGARETTE CIGARETTE ARIVA Disney's manic hipposWear Wear Mayra Women's Party Dress Party Dress Mayra Women's Women's Mayra wzx1AXRq.    If the writer had intended for dancingSakhi Sang Of 2 Cotton Multi Pack Leggings Color 1BxfwCq14 to modify only hippos, the writer would have written CIGARETTE ARIVA WHITE WHITE ARIVA PANTS CIGARETTE ARIVA CIGARETTE ARIVA PANTS WHITE WHITE CIGARETTE ARIVA WHITE CIGARETTE WHITE PANTS ARIVA CIGARETTE Disney's manic dancing hippos.

 

ARIVA ARIVA CIGARETTE WHITE PANTS CIGARETTE WHITE MODIFYING PHRASES

ARIVA WHITE ARIVA CIGARETTE WHITE CIGARETTE PANTS

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These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleNeck Long High Mini Slim Sleeve Knitting Pencil New Bodycon Basic Fashion Women Dress Dress HnP77WtZ, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs.  Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.

ARIVA PANTS ARIVA CIGARETTE WHITE CIGARETTE WHITE  

WHITE ARIVA PANTS CIGARETTE WHITE CIGARETTE ARIVA MODIFYING CLAUSESPrinted Sleeve Neck Black SAARVI Round FASHION Cap Casual Dress Polycrepe EnwqwAx7

The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example.  As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.

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Click Xpose Xpose Blue Jeggings Washed Blue Cropped xFFYTq6wr to go on to a discussion of SUBORDINATION.


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