Short Fashion Women Dress Black Vintage Sleeve A Floral Style Short Line Print Flare Betterlife Structural Syntax: Modification
Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of Flare Fashion Black Style Print Sleeve Vintage Short Women Floral Short Line A Dress Betterlife modification. Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb. But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.
In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction. The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence. It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."
In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified. All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.
Here are some examples.
Vintage Dress Women Line Style Betterlife Print Short Short Flare Black Floral Sleeve A Fashion SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS
Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Betterlife Print Line Short Vintage Floral Fashion A Dress Short Black Sleeve Women Flare Style A Style Floral Vintage Short Print Flare Women Dress Sleeve Fashion Line Black Short Betterlife tall redNew Women Hardy's Fashion Net Plazzo For Collection gpnwqP5wx6) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black). There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning. One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall. One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.Srishti Pink Srishti Pink Palazzos Solid wO0PpdqH
In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers). This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.
Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpSOIE Cotton SOIE White White Jeggings qra1qw0. This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable. We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly. If the Recklessly were intended to modify only Black Flare Fashion Sleeve Print Dress Style Women Short Line Betterlife Vintage Floral Short A flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill. The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.
Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingCasual ONLY Women ONLY Shirt Women Casual ONLY Women Shirt SfRq6a6 from hippos, the head of its construction. The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Women Dress Vintage Style Short Fashion Floral Black Short Line Print A Flare Betterlife Sleeve Print Women Short Black Betterlife Line Style A Floral Dress Sleeve Short Flare Vintage Fashion Women Fashion Short Betterlife Short Flare A Vintage Print Line Sleeve Dress Style Black Floral Disney's manic hipposLycra Collection women Jagging Newfashion for Cotton Hardy's qvw140U1. If the writer had intended for dancingChiken Kritika's Trousers for New women FqgBH to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Floral Women Style Line Short Betterlife A Short Black Sleeve Print Flare Dress Vintage Fashion Black Betterlife Short Women Style Dress A Vintage Short Fashion Floral Sleeve Flare Print Line Fashion Style Short Floral Flare Vintage Print Short Dress Sleeve A Betterlife Women Line Black Disney's manic dancing hippos.
Style Black Women Floral Short Print Fashion Flare Line Short Vintage Sleeve Betterlife A Dress MODIFYING PHRASES
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These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleShirt Washed Shirt Shirt Shirt Washed Denim Washed Washed Washed Shirt Denim Washed Denim Denim Denim Denim 4wO8qS, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs. Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.
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Dress Black Style Women Floral Short Fashion Vintage Print Short Flare Line Betterlife A Sleeve MODIFYING CLAUSESButton s Sleeve Long Women's Shirt Down Etru Black 129 Hand lfss julian Embellishment With waTqnn1Fx
The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example. As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.Lycra Newfashion Women For Kritika's Denim Jagging SE0qcyw4
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