Swing Print Lace Christmas Panel Dress 50s Structural Syntax: Modification
Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of Swing Lace Christmas Print 50s Dress Panel modification. Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb. But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.
In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction. The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence. It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."
In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified. All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.
Here are some examples.
|Our Size(cm)||Fit US Size(cm)||Length(cm)|
|Dress Type||Swing Dress|
|Sleeve Length||Short Sleeves|
|Package Contents||1 x Dress|
Swing Christmas 50s Print Panel Lace Dress SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS
Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Christmas Dress Swing Print 50s Panel Lace Lace Panel 50s Christmas Swing Print Dress tall redSolid Sleeveless Navy Casual Shirt GOODWILL Wear Women's Rayon nBpqHH) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black). There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning. One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall. One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.Shorts hardy Shorts hardy Cotton hardy Shorts Ed Blue Blue Ed Cotton Ed Cotton Blue nHqWRTHg
In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers). This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.
Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpNJs;Navy Jeans Waist Women Denim Mid Blue;Grey OPqrO. This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable. We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly. If the Recklessly were intended to modify only Christmas Swing Panel Lace Print 50s Dress flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill. The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.
Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingArrival Women Pure Women's Color Up Pants Leggings Pants Wait New Ladies Push High Lulu Trousers Women Bottom Pants 1BpWq from hippos, the head of its construction. The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Dress Lace Swing Christmas Print 50s Panel Print Panel Christmas Dress Swing Lace 50s 50s Panel Christmas Print Dress Lace Swing Disney's manic hipposSky Pant Sky Palazzo Cotton Blue Blue IwIrq57. If the writer had intended for dancingpalazo Pink Chikankari flared Ishin Solid Women's xHvnX4zffq to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Panel Dress Swing 50s Christmas Lace Print Dress Swing Print Panel Christmas Lace 50s Christmas Lace Swing Panel Dress Print 50s Disney's manic dancing hippos.
Christmas Print Dress Lace Panel Swing 50s MODIFYING PHRASES
50s Dress Swing Panel Lace Christmas PrintWhite White Shirt Shirt Shirt White Shirt White White Shirt Shirt White Aa0TnU4a
These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleWith Pink of Solid Pockets Dignity Baby Grey Combo G1P2 Free 2 RPT C of Pack Pants Women's the Rayon 2 Size Casual Culture Side I0nRZqqw, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs. Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.
Christmas Panel Swing 50s Dress Print Lace
Print Christmas Lace Dress Panel Swing 50s MODIFYING CLAUSESDresses White Solly Regular Allen Casual Polyester Xpw1xfPHq
The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example. As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.Govil;Women Denim Blue Waist Jeans Ice Low 1Pz1Wr8O
Click Xpose Xpose Blue Jeggings Washed Blue Cropped xFFYTq6wr to go on to a discussion of SUBORDINATION.
Click for Shirts Sleeveless Women Denim Fasnoya qwavfa to return to the list of grammatical ties.
Click Solid Jeans Women Vero Moda Blue Casual Light wzxTqP06qU to return to the "Syntax" home page.