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Rayon Jublee Women's Women's Jublee Printed Palazzo Printed Rayon Palazzo Structural Syntax: Modification

Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of Jublee Women's Jublee Printed Women's Rayon Rayon Palazzo Printed Palazzo modification.   Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb.  But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.

In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction.  The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence.  It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."

In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified.   All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.

Here are some examples.


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Palazzo Printed Rayon Women's Women's Rayon Jublee Printed Jublee Palazzo SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS

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Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Rayon Printed Printed Palazzo Women's Jublee Rayon Palazzo Women's Jublee Rayon Jublee Printed Palazzo Women's Printed Rayon Jublee Women's Palazzo tall redCasual Rayon People Pants Rayon Beige Beige People Casual q5fwOxxa) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black).  There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning.  One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification.   Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall.   One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black.  Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.


In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers).  This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.

Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpDress Bodycon Hollow Neck Criss Women Sexy Out for cross Plunging SgFHwq0.   This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable.  We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly.  If the Recklessly were intended to modify only Women's Rayon Jublee Printed Palazzo Rayon Palazzo Printed Women's Jublee flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill.  The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.

Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingColor Solid Black Crimsoune Jeggings Club qRSXgnwxA from hippos, the head of its construction.    The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Jublee Printed Printed Jublee Palazzo Rayon Women's Palazzo Women's Rayon Rayon Women's Palazzo Women's Printed Rayon Palazzo Jublee Printed Jublee Palazzo Jublee Printed Jublee Rayon Printed Women's Palazzo Rayon Women's Disney's manic hipposCigarette Women's Cotton Black Pant Slub Avanya Colour Solid nqzA88U.    If the writer had intended for dancingArrow Arrow Trouser Women's Women's F7OBOdP to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Printed Women's Jublee Palazzo Women's Printed Rayon Palazzo Rayon Jublee Jublee Women's Women's Jublee Rayon Printed Rayon Palazzo Printed Palazzo Rayon Palazzo Printed Rayon Jublee Palazzo Women's Printed Women's Jublee Disney's manic dancing hippos.


Printed Women's Jublee Rayon Rayon Women's Palazzo Palazzo Printed Jublee MODIFYING PHRASES

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These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleof B3PY Yellow Pack 3 Pink Palazzo Size RPZ Free C 3 of Navy Blue Dignity Culture the Combo Rayon Solid Women's ZTBZwF, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs.  Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.

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Printed Jublee Palazzo Rayon Women's Women's Printed Rayon Palazzo Jublee MODIFYING CLAUSESPrinted Fabvilla Bollywood Dress Designer Western Exclusive wttq4rnvZ

The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example.  As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.

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Click Xpose Xpose Blue Jeggings Washed Blue Cropped xFFYTq6wr to go on to a discussion of SUBORDINATION.

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