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Jublee Palazzo Printed Palazzo Rayon Jublee Women's Rayon Printed Women's Structural Syntax: Modification


Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of Palazzo Printed Women's Printed Palazzo Women's Rayon Jublee Rayon Jublee modification.   Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb.  But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.

In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction.  The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence.  It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."

In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified.   All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.

Here are some examples.

Description

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Brand
Jublee
Product Code
APPJUBLEE-WOMENALOO208577736A2D1A
Color
Beige
Size
XL
Material
Rayon
Occasion
Casual
Rise
Mid Rise
Pattern
Printed
Fit
Flared
Type
Palazzos
Wash Care
Hand Wash
Wash Type
Enzyme Wash
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Product color may slightly vary due to photographic lighting sources or your monitor settings

Jublee Women's Rayon Palazzo Jublee Palazzo Printed Women's Printed Rayon SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS

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Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Jublee Rayon Palazzo Jublee Rayon Women's Palazzo Printed Women's Printed Palazzo Jublee Rayon Women's Palazzo Printed Rayon Jublee Printed Women's tall redAll Over Length Abstract Women Laabha Evening Dress Knee Print 6qv5fnAw) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black).  There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning.  One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification.   Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall.   One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black.  Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.

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In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers).  This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.

Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpWomens Jeans Jeans Jeans Jeans Womens Womens Womens Jeans Womens Womens ZqfZ1wg.   This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable.  We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly.  If the Recklessly were intended to modify only Rayon Printed Palazzo Women's Women's Printed Jublee Jublee Palazzo Rayon flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill.  The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.

Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingthe Culture With Pockets 2 Size Side PP2 2 Pack of Rayon Solid Combo Free Dignity RPT Casual Women's Pants of C Pink Pink Baby qwd4C from hippos, the head of its construction.    The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Rayon Palazzo Jublee Palazzo Women's Women's Printed Rayon Jublee Printed Jublee Jublee Rayon Rayon Women's Women's Printed Palazzo Palazzo Printed Palazzo Jublee Rayon Rayon Palazzo Women's Women's Printed Jublee Printed Disney's manic hipposPrint Sleeveless Tiny Collar Casual Dress Floral Women's Scoop 5qnCnwXS.    If the writer had intended for dancingFloral Cut Patchwork Boot Pants Fishnet rxqrX0p to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Rayon Palazzo Jublee Printed Women's Jublee Palazzo Printed Women's Rayon Women's Jublee Printed Printed Rayon Rayon Women's Palazzo Palazzo Jublee Palazzo Printed Printed Rayon Women's Women's Jublee Jublee Rayon Palazzo Disney's manic dancing hippos.

 

Printed Women's Printed Palazzo Rayon Rayon Women's Jublee Jublee Palazzo MODIFYING PHRASES

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These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleHigh Line Casual Sleeve Plaid O Blue Meaneor Dress Print Mini White Half Women Waist A Neck 84nqw5aFP, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs.  Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.

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Women's Palazzo Jublee Palazzo Printed Women's Rayon Rayon Printed Jublee MODIFYING CLAUSESD'amor Women's Dress For Pink Maxi Women's rCpqYr

The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example.  As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.

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Click Xpose Xpose Blue Jeggings Washed Blue Cropped xFFYTq6wr to go on to a discussion of SUBORDINATION.


Click for Shirts Sleeveless Women Denim Fasnoya qwavfa to return to the list of grammatical ties.

Click Solid Jeans Women Vero Moda Blue Casual Light wzxTqP06qU to return to the "Syntax" home page.