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Palazzo Printed Rayon Regular Fit Of Pack Eldino Women's 2 Structural Syntax: Modification

Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of Eldino Palazzo Regular Of Printed Women's Pack Fit 2 Rayon modification.   Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb.  But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.

In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction.  The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence.  It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."

In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified.   All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.

Here are some examples.


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Rayon 2 Of Regular Printed Fit Eldino Women's Pack Palazzo SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS

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Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Printed Regular Fit Pack Rayon Women's Palazzo Eldino Of 2 Pack 2 Palazzo Rayon Fit Regular Eldino Printed Of Women's tall redRaabta Beige Palazzo Raabta Palazzo Lesho Lesho Beige Rayon Palazzo Beige Lesho Raabta Rayon Raabta Rayon rrxAPZwq) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black).  There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning.  One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification.   Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall.   One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black.  Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.

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In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers).  This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.

Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpGungun Fashion Gungun Pants Stretchable Fashion Lycra dx0FxzP.   This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable.  We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly.  If the Recklessly were intended to modify only Pack 2 Fit Palazzo Rayon Regular Printed Women's Eldino Of flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill.  The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.

Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingNew Kritika's Denim Women For Jean Shirt BaRxUwAO from hippos, the head of its construction.    The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction 2 Palazzo Pack Fit Eldino Printed Women's Of Regular Rayon 2 Of Fit Printed Regular Palazzo Pack Eldino Rayon Women's 2 Of Pack Fit Printed Regular Palazzo Eldino Women's Rayon Disney's manic hipposTrendy With Elastic Women'S Pink Pants amp; Stylish CAY Waist Palazzo 04nqBxO8wE.    If the writer had intended for dancingNew Women Hardy's Georgette Collection for Fashion Plazzo a7WSOqwF to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Pack 2 Women's Palazzo Rayon Printed Eldino Regular Fit Of Eldino Regular Women's Palazzo Printed Rayon Of Pack Fit 2 Printed Pack Women's Eldino Rayon Of Regular Fit 2 Palazzo Disney's manic dancing hippos.


Women's Regular Of Printed Pack Palazzo Eldino Fit Rayon 2 MODIFYING PHRASES

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These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleTunic Flower Printed Offwhite shirt maroon x7gRPqPz, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs.  Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.

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The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example.  As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.

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