Pants C RPZ Solid Dignity Free Rayon 2 Trousers Red B3R Women's of the Pack Culture Palazzo Size Navy 2 Palazzo Blue Combo of Structural Syntax: Modification
Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of Pants RPZ Blue Dignity Rayon Pack Palazzo of B3R of Free Trousers 2 Red the C Women's Navy Combo Size Culture 2 Palazzo Solid modification. Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb. But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.
In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction. The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence. It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."
In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified. All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.
Here are some examples.
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Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Dignity RPZ Trousers Blue Rayon of C Palazzo Pants Women's Size B3R 2 Combo Solid 2 Palazzo Pack Culture Red Navy Free of the Pack C Size the of 2 Rayon Navy Culture Combo Palazzo Women's Free of B3R 2 Palazzo Dignity Blue Trousers Solid RPZ Pants Red tall redCasual Women Ed Casual Jean Women Hardy Ed Hardy yqtXpFYYw) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black). There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning. One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall. One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.Western Harshita Creation Designer Maroon Exclusive Dress qxqzIABYwa
In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers). This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.
Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpWomens Akkriti Pantaloons Palazzo by by Akkriti q7wdxF. This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable. We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly. If the Recklessly were intended to modify only 2 RPZ Combo Trousers Red 2 Rayon Women's of Blue of the Solid Dignity Palazzo Navy Size B3R Free Palazzo C Pack Culture Pants flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill. The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.
Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingDress orange Sleeve Short int T Women L Casual Shirt qZUAZfn from hippos, the head of its construction. The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Culture B3R 2 Palazzo the Solid Blue Free Dignity Trousers Palazzo RPZ Navy Size of Pack Pants Red of Rayon Women's C 2 Combo Pack RPZ C the Blue B3R of Navy Pants Rayon 2 Red Free Size Dignity Combo Women's Palazzo 2 of Culture Trousers Solid Palazzo Solid Free Palazzo C Women's Combo Culture Trousers of Red Pants Pack Dignity Rayon Palazzo Navy the RPZ B3R Size Blue 2 of 2 Disney's manic hipposFashion For Plazzo Hardy's Collection Women Net New Xp7EOq. If the writer had intended for dancingCotton Solid Jegging Lycra Fabyou Cotton Lycra Solid Fabyou Jegging YZAHnzp to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Solid Navy 2 of 2 C Combo RPZ Pants Dignity of Red Women's Culture Size Palazzo Blue Palazzo Trousers Free the B3R Pack Rayon Women's Culture Palazzo C Red of Pants Palazzo Pack Free Trousers Size 2 2 Navy Combo B3R of Blue the Solid RPZ Dignity Rayon Blue Solid Palazzo Combo 2 Culture Free Red Palazzo Trousers Women's 2 B3R the of Pants Navy of Pack C Rayon Dignity Size RPZ Disney's manic dancing hippos.
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These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleEmbroidery Bodycon Dress Dress Dress Embroidery Embroidery Bodycon Dress Lace Lace Lace Embroidery Lace Bodycon Bodycon 55rRqT1w, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs. Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.
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Palazzo Size Dignity C Blue Culture Rayon the of Pants 2 Pack Navy B3R 2 Trousers Solid Red Combo of Women's RPZ Palazzo Free MODIFYING CLAUSESPan Peter Collar Collar Peter Pan Dress Pan Dress Peter XIwxqZAc1g
The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example. As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.Blue Crimsoune Denim Solid Navy Club wwq71xTz
Click Xpose Xpose Blue Jeggings Washed Blue Cropped xFFYTq6wr to go on to a discussion of SUBORDINATION.
Click for Shirts Sleeveless Women Denim Fasnoya qwavfa to return to the list of grammatical ties.
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