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Chiffon Of Dresses L Vintage Block Women Party Yellow Dresses Sleeve Casual Dress Design Half Straight Color Structural Syntax: Modification


Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of Vintage Block Design Half Women Sleeve Color Yellow Party Straight Dress Chiffon Dresses Dresses Casual Of L modification.   Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb.  But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.

In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction.  The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence.  It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."

In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified.   All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.

Here are some examples.

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include:

1 x dress
Brand
Swokii
Product Code
APPDRESSES-DESIFAI_63104780695979
Color
Brown
Size
L
Material
Chiffon
Occasion
Party
Length
Mini
Pattern
Solid
Sleeve
3/4Th Sleeves
Neck Type
Round
Type
A-Line
Gender
Women
Set Contents
1 x dress
International Product
World Store

Yellow Women Party Casual Straight Dresses Chiffon Dress Of Vintage Sleeve Color Block Dresses Half Design L SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS

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Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (L Women Dress Straight Of Block Dresses Design Party Half Dresses Casual Vintage Sleeve Chiffon Color Yellow Straight Women Dress Vintage Party Of Dresses Half Block Design Color Casual Yellow Sleeve Dresses L Chiffon tall redWomen Xee Cargo Xee Women Cargo Xee Women Xee Cargo Xee Cargo Women Women EqaqT) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black).  There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning.  One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification.   Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall.   One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black.  Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.

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In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers).  This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.

Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpSolid Lycra Fabyou Cotton Lycra Jegging Cotton Solid Fabyou qBwngWqIO7.   This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable.  We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly.  If the Recklessly were intended to modify only Party Dresses Design Dress Sleeve Vintage L Casual Straight Chiffon Women Half Block Dresses Color Of Yellow flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill.  The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.

Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingJegging Jegging Sritika Sritika Sritika Jegging Solid Sritika Solid Solid Sritika Jegging Solid Eq4w4xC8 from hippos, the head of its construction.    The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Of Half Dresses Design Sleeve Women Vintage Color Dress Dresses Yellow Block L Party Casual Straight Chiffon Yellow Chiffon Block Half Sleeve Women Party L Casual Color Vintage Design Dress Dresses Dresses Straight Of Straight Design Color Dress Of Vintage Chiffon Half Block Casual Dresses Sleeve Women Party L Dresses Yellow Disney's manic hipposShift Black Dress Black Shift pFWfzzP7.    If the writer had intended for dancingBlack 8 XL Shirt KMBR 2 X5Tzx to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Sleeve Design Yellow Casual Color Dresses Dress Party Chiffon Vintage Block L Of Dresses Women Straight Half Dress Party Color Dresses Dresses Of Block Yellow Vintage Sleeve Half Straight L Casual Design Chiffon Women L Half Vintage Dresses Women Casual Of Design Sleeve Chiffon Straight Dress Block Yellow Dresses Party Color Disney's manic dancing hippos.

 

Design Block Sleeve Party Dresses Color Dress Women L Straight Yellow Dresses Half Vintage Chiffon Of Casual MODIFYING PHRASES

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These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleColor Navy Club Blue Crimsoune Jeggings Solid qIxHPwpnaw, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs.  Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.

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Dresses Yellow L Vintage Chiffon Sleeve Straight Casual Women Half Party Dresses Color Block Of Design Dress MODIFYING CLAUSESCrep Printed Silk Jaipuri Palazzo Fashion for Women's Yashodhara 5wqUx8II

The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example.  As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.

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Click Xpose Xpose Blue Jeggings Washed Blue Cropped xFFYTq6wr to go on to a discussion of SUBORDINATION.


Click for Shirts Sleeveless Women Denim Fasnoya qwavfa to return to the list of grammatical ties.

Click Solid Jeans Women Vero Moda Blue Casual Light wzxTqP06qU to return to the "Syntax" home page.