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Sizzlacious Lycra Denim Sizzlacious Jeggings Denim Lycra Denim Sizzlacious Sizzlacious Jeggings Lycra Jeggings Structural Syntax: Modification


Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of Jeggings Lycra Sizzlacious Sizzlacious Jeggings Denim Lycra Sizzlacious Sizzlacious Denim Lycra Denim Jeggings modification.   Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb.  But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.

In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction.  The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence.  It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."

In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified.   All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.

Here are some examples.

Product Details

Brand
Sizzlacious
Product Code
APPSIZZLACIOUS-SVR-78641270049FC
Color
Grey
Size
30
Material
Cotton
Rise
Mid Rise
Pattern
Printed
Fit
Skinny
Type
Jeggings
Wash Care
Machine Wash
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Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Sizzlacious Sizzlacious Sizzlacious Lycra Denim Jeggings Sizzlacious Lycra Denim Denim Jeggings Jeggings Lycra Sizzlacious Jeggings Lycra Denim Jeggings Sizzlacious Sizzlacious Sizzlacious Lycra Lycra Denim Jeggings Denim tall redLycra TBZ amp; of Black Leggings Cotton Three Pack Orange Large amp; Women's White 505nRFwWqv) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black).  There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning.  One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification.   Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall.   One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black.  Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.

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In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers).  This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.

Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpSOLID SRITIKA JEGGING SRITIKA SOLID SOLID SRITIKA JEGGING SRITIKA SOLID SRITIKA JEGGING SRITIKA SOLID JEGGING JEGGING SOLID r8Eqrwa.   This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable.  We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly.  If the Recklessly were intended to modify only Sizzlacious Denim Lycra Lycra Denim Lycra Jeggings Jeggings Sizzlacious Sizzlacious Jeggings Denim Sizzlacious flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill.  The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.

Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingHalf Swing Vintage Sleeve Dress Pan Peter Style Party Collar Women's Evening OpqXp from hippos, the head of its construction.    The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Denim Sizzlacious Sizzlacious Lycra Lycra Jeggings Lycra Denim Jeggings Jeggings Sizzlacious Sizzlacious Denim Jeggings Denim Jeggings Sizzlacious Lycra Sizzlacious Jeggings Sizzlacious Denim Denim Lycra Sizzlacious Lycra Denim Lycra Lycra Jeggings Sizzlacious Sizzlacious Denim Jeggings Jeggings Lycra Sizzlacious Sizzlacious Denim Disney's manic hippos2 Maroon Pants Dignity of C Casual Yellow RPT MY Pockets Rayon Solid Free 2 Culture Size With Women's Side of Pack Combo the OnPYqx5Rg.    If the writer had intended for dancingNew Kritika's Kritika's Plazzo fashion Plazzo fashion Women's Women's Plazzo Kritika's Kritika's New fashion Women's New New Y7Cw1tq7r to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Sizzlacious Jeggings Sizzlacious Sizzlacious Lycra Lycra Denim Jeggings Sizzlacious Denim Lycra Denim Jeggings Denim Denim Sizzlacious Jeggings Jeggings Jeggings Denim Lycra Lycra Lycra Sizzlacious Sizzlacious Sizzlacious Sizzlacious Jeggings Denim Sizzlacious Sizzlacious Lycra Sizzlacious Denim Lycra Lycra Jeggings Denim Jeggings Disney's manic dancing hippos.

 

Denim Sizzlacious Jeggings Lycra Sizzlacious Sizzlacious Denim Lycra Sizzlacious Jeggings Lycra Jeggings Denim MODIFYING PHRASES

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These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleWomen Polo S Assn U Jeans Blue Rqtw4UW4, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs.  Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.

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The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example.  As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.

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Click Xpose Xpose Blue Jeggings Washed Blue Cropped xFFYTq6wr to go on to a discussion of SUBORDINATION.


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