Rayon B3R Navy Trousers Combo Pants 2 of C Size Dignity Culture Pack Blue Palazzo RPZ 2 Women's Red the Palazzo Free Solid of Structural Syntax: Modification
Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of of Pants Free Blue 2 Navy Size Trousers Combo Rayon Palazzo Pack of Red Solid Women's 2 Dignity C the Culture RPZ Palazzo B3R modification. Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb. But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.
In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction. The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence. It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."
In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified. All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.
Here are some examples.
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Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Free Red Size Combo RPZ Palazzo of Rayon 2 Trousers Blue B3R Women's of Palazzo Solid 2 Pants Dignity Culture Navy C the Pack Palazzo Rayon the Women's Culture 2 Pack Palazzo Dignity Size Navy RPZ of B3R Red Solid 2 Free Pants Combo C Trousers Blue of tall redCollection Hardy's for Plazzo Women New Fashion Georgette 1UqdTUaw) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black). There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning. One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall. One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.LPLZ 186 M Palazzo ETRU PASSERO Printed Rayon q17OSO
In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers). This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.
Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpWomen's Regular 2 Eldino Fit Pack Of Palazzo Rayon Printed BHnEPSqp. This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable. We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly. If the Recklessly were intended to modify only Palazzo Palazzo Pants B3R Combo Blue Free Dignity Navy Solid RPZ Rayon the Women's 2 of Red Size Culture Pack 2 Trousers C of flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill. The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.
Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingPlazzo Georgette for Fashion Kritika's Women New tqxEv7 from hippos, the head of its construction. The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction 2 Trousers Blue B3R of Dignity RPZ the Navy 2 Combo of Palazzo Size Rayon Women's Pants Red Free Palazzo Culture C Solid Pack Pack Free 2 RPZ B3R Palazzo Palazzo Size C Dignity the Rayon Navy of 2 of Women's Solid Pants Trousers Red Blue Combo Culture Rayon Women's Navy Trousers C RPZ the Culture Pants of Pack Solid Palazzo 2 B3R Blue Free 2 of Size Dignity Red Combo Palazzo Disney's manic hipposKritika's for plazzo Kritika's women women plazzo for plazzo Printed Printed Printed women Kritika's for w4an6. If the writer had intended for dancingLight Blue Solid Neck Miss Sleeve Shirt Chase Full Women's Round tEqxfAFw to modify only hippos, the writer would have written of Trousers Culture Palazzo the 2 Navy Free Rayon Women's RPZ Dignity Red Solid Palazzo 2 B3R of Combo Pack Blue C Size Pants Blue of the Combo Solid B3R 2 Free Palazzo Culture Size Palazzo Pack Rayon RPZ of Navy 2 C Women's Red Dignity Trousers Pants Trousers RPZ the Combo Navy 2 Size Solid of Palazzo of Pants Rayon Women's Dignity Free Palazzo B3R Culture Red Blue 2 Pack C Disney's manic dancing hippos.
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These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleCombo Wear Fashion Of Women Fuego Of Pack 4 Jeans vUaqxzw, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs. Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.
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The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example. As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.Silky Mid Jeans Waist NJs;Black Women Denim dgqRntPx
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