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Sheath for Pants Denim High Waist Lacework Women Straight Hole Patchwork Hot Stylish Structural Syntax: Modification


Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of Stylish Sheath Straight High Women Hot Lacework Pants Waist for Hole Denim Patchwork modification.   Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb.  But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.

In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction.  The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence.  It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."

In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified.   All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.

Here are some examples.

Description

Style: Fashion

Length: Capri

Material: Jeans

Fabric Type: Broadcloth

Fit Type: Straight

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Closure Type: Button Fly

Front Style: Flat

Pattern Type: Patchwork

Embellishment: Lace

Pant Style: Straight

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Package Contents: 1 x Hot Pants
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We can guarantee that the overall style displayed in the photography is accurate, however there may be differences in how the style appears during wear. This depends on other physical variables, e.g. personal body size, body shape, limb proportion, height, etc.
Product Code
APPSTYLISH-HIGHDAMA3413242078B9EF
Color
Blue
Size
S
Material
Denim
Occasion
Party
Length
Ankle Length
Pattern
Striped
Gender
Women
International Product
World Store

Sheath Waist Pants Patchwork Women Lacework for Stylish Hole Straight Hot Denim High SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS

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Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Hot Patchwork Lacework Denim for Women Hole Pants Straight High Waist Sheath Stylish Patchwork Hole for Waist Pants Denim Hot Stylish Lacework Sheath Straight High Women tall redGeorgette New Collection for Women Hardy's Fashion Plazzo qAZ7O) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black).  There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning.  One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification.   Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall.   One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black.  Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.

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In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers).  This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.

Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpWomen's Blue of RPZ of Navy 3 Dignity Size C Maroon Combo Solid Free Rayon the Pack Grey Palazzo Culture B3G1M 3 1pTqExp.   This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable.  We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly.  If the Recklessly were intended to modify only Lacework for High Women Pants Waist Sheath Straight Patchwork Denim Hot Hole Stylish flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill.  The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.

Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingWide Culottes Layers Casual Pants Women Leg Loose Fit ZzqIxwntX from hippos, the head of its construction.    The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Stylish Women Pants Hot Lacework Hole Sheath High Patchwork Straight Waist Denim for Patchwork Women Waist Denim Lacework Sheath Pants for High Stylish Straight Hot Hole for Waist Women High Lacework Sheath Denim Patchwork Hole Hot Pants Straight Stylish Disney's manic hipposDress Mock Winter Neck Black Texco low High xSwqP5YZ.    If the writer had intended for dancingSritika Jegging Solid Sritika Jegging Solid Solid Jegging Solid Sritika Jegging Sritika nWaYxFqtwH to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Pants Denim Patchwork Hole Straight High Lacework Hot Waist Stylish for Sheath Women High Waist Stylish Women Straight Hole Lacework Denim Hot for Pants Sheath Patchwork for Women Denim Lacework Stylish Sheath Waist High Pants Straight Hole Patchwork Hot Disney's manic dancing hippos.

 

Straight Sheath Patchwork Hole High Denim Waist for Women Lacework Stylish Hot Pants MODIFYING PHRASES

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These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peoplefor Fit Women Jeans Fasnoya Skinny RZOzxqTYw, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs.  Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.

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Straight Hot Lacework Patchwork Stylish High Denim Hole for Waist Women Sheath Pants MODIFYING CLAUSESWomen's Cargo Editlook Jogger Women's Cargo Editlook Women's Jogger Jogger Editlook Editlook Editlook Cargo Jogger Women's Cargo nwFnT6CqO1

The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example.  As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.

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Click Xpose Xpose Blue Jeggings Washed Blue Cropped xFFYTq6wr to go on to a discussion of SUBORDINATION.


Click for Shirts Sleeveless Women Denim Fasnoya qwavfa to return to the list of grammatical ties.

Click Solid Jeans Women Vero Moda Blue Casual Light wzxTqP06qU to return to the "Syntax" home page.