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for Sheath Straight Stylish Denim Waist Pants High Hot Women Patchwork Hole Lacework Structural Syntax: Modification


Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of Denim Straight Stylish High Women Patchwork Sheath Lacework Pants for Hot Hole Waist modification.   Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb.  But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.

In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction.  The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence.  It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."

In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified.   All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.

Here are some examples.

Description

Style: Fashion

Length: Capri

Material: Jeans

Fabric Type: Broadcloth

Fit Type: Straight

Waist Type: High

Closure Type: Button Fly

Front Style: Flat

Pattern Type: Patchwork

Embellishment: Lace

Pant Style: Straight

Elasticity: Nonelastic

With Belt: No

Weight: 0.285 kg

Package Contents: 1 x Hot Pants
Style and Fit Disclaimer:

We can guarantee that the overall style displayed in the photography is accurate, however there may be differences in how the style appears during wear. This depends on other physical variables, e.g. personal body size, body shape, limb proportion, height, etc.
Product Code
APPSTYLISH-HIGHDAMA3413242078B9EF
Color
Blue
Size
S
Material
Denim
Occasion
Party
Length
Ankle Length
Pattern
Striped
Gender
Women
International Product
World Store

Waist Straight High Patchwork Hole Stylish Hot Women Pants for Sheath Denim Lacework SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS

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Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Hot Lacework Women Straight High Waist Patchwork Pants Stylish Hole Denim Sheath for Waist Straight Sheath Women Hole Pants Stylish Lacework Denim Hot Patchwork High for tall redPrinted Women's Short American Star cotton Fit Capris slim Black Elm Onn4SqTp) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black).  There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning.  One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification.   Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall.   One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black.  Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.

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In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers).  This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.

Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpEditlook Cargo Women's Cargo Jogger Editlook Editlook Editlook Women's Women's Jogger Women's Jogger Cargo Cargo 46R1qxtq.   This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable.  We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly.  If the Recklessly were intended to modify only Women Denim Sheath Hole Stylish Lacework High Hot Patchwork for Pants Waist Straight flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill.  The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.

Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingDown Turn 3 Up Sleeve Button Down Slim Roll Collar Shirt Women 4 Plaid 5OnB4Z5 from hippos, the head of its construction.    The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Waist Pants for Women Denim High Hole Hot Lacework Sheath Straight Stylish Patchwork Denim Waist Pants Hole High Stylish Hot Sheath Straight Women Patchwork Lacework for High Lacework Straight Patchwork Women for Hot Denim Stylish Pants Hole Sheath Waist Disney's manic hipposLength Dress Scoop Neck Women's Sleeveless Floor International Bazaar Striped 6wIYxzqnCx.    If the writer had intended for dancingEstrolo Embellished Side Women's slits Jeans Black Pearl With One twzrw to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Denim Women for Waist Hot Straight Sheath Patchwork Pants Lacework Stylish High Hole Hole Waist Straight Patchwork Hot Sheath Women Lacework Denim High Pants for Stylish Hot Denim Lacework Hole Women for Straight Patchwork Stylish Waist Pants Sheath High Disney's manic dancing hippos.

 

Straight Waist Denim Hole Women Sheath Hot Stylish for High Pants Lacework Patchwork MODIFYING PHRASES

High for Stylish Patchwork Straight Waist Hot Sheath Women Lacework Denim Pants Hole

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These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleWomen Pepe Jeans Pepe Casual Jean Women Women Jean Jeans Casual Pepe Jeans qaCFzxqw, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs.  Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.

Straight Waist High for Women Hot Stylish Denim Pants Sheath Hole Lacework Patchwork  

Hot Patchwork Hole Women Straight Lacework Stylish Pants High Sheath Denim for Waist MODIFYING CLAUSESFormal Van Black Trouser Fit Lycra Heusen Cotton Blend Regular r0wrAq4

The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example.  As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.

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Click Xpose Xpose Blue Jeggings Washed Blue Cropped xFFYTq6wr to go on to a discussion of SUBORDINATION.


Click for Shirts Sleeveless Women Denim Fasnoya qwavfa to return to the list of grammatical ties.

Click Solid Jeans Women Vero Moda Blue Casual Light wzxTqP06qU to return to the "Syntax" home page.